15. NCAR’s Climate Variability Diagnostics Package (CVDP)¶
The NCAR CVDP version currently implemented into the ESMValTool is v4.1.
The Climate Variability Diagnostics Package (CVDP) developed by NCAR’s Climate Analysis Section (Phillips et al., 2014) has been implemented into the ESMValTool in order to be able to run it within this framework and alongside the ESGF on CMIP output. CVDP can be used to evaluate the major modes of climate variability including ENSO, PDO, AMO, Northern and Southern Annular Modes (NAM and SAM), North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), Pacific North and South American teleconnection patterns (PNA and PSA). In addition it calculates global trend maps and index time series for the above modes and the North Pacific Index, the Tropical North Atlantic SST, Tropical South Atlantic SST, Tropical Indian Ocean SST, Niño1+2, Niño3, and Niño4 times series, and the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD).
CVDP is developed as a standalone tool outside the ESMValTool. Once a new version of CVDP is released, the ESMValTool will be updated accordingly. Therefore, the structure of CVDP was kept as is and a wrapper has been written to be able to run CVDP directly within the ESMValTool.
15.2. Available namelists and diagnostics¶
Namelists are stored in nml/
Diagnostics are stored in diag_scripts/
Wrapper scripts to run CVDP within the framework of the ESMValTool
- cvdp_obs.ncl: run for each variable separately with observational data available; renames the ESMValTool output (observations) following the filename conventions of the CVDP and creates the CVDP namelist “namelist_obs”.
- cvdp_ocean.ncl: renames the ESMValTool output (ocean variables) following the filename conventions of the CVDP.
- cvdp_atmos.ncl: renames the ESMValTool output (atmosphere variables) following the filename conventions of the CVDP and creates the CVDP namelist “namelist” containing the models. The script then runs the CVDP via a call to the wrapper script cvdp_driver.ncl.
15.3. User settings¶
User setting files (cfg files) are stored in nml/cfg_CVDP/
Required diag_script_info attributes
- obs_ref: list of reference data sets (observations) (array)
cvdp_driver.ncl (called by cvdp_atmos.ncl)
The wrapper script cvdp_driver.ncl sets the user options for the CVDP.
- ts (atmos, monthly mean, longitude latitude time)
- psl (atmos, monthly mean, longitude latitude time)
- tas (atmos, monthly mean, longitude latitude time)
- pr (atmos, monthly mean, longitude latitude time)
- msftmyz (ocean, monthly mean, latitude level basin time)
15.5. Observations and Reformat Scripts¶
Note: (1) obs4mips data can be used directly without any preprocessing; (2) see headers of reformat scripts for non-obs4mips data for download instructions.
Sea Surface Temperature (SST): HadISST (1870 - 2005)
Reformat script: reformat_scripts/obs/reformat_obs_HadISST.ncl
Sea Level Pressure (PSL): ERA-Interim/IFS-Cy31r2 (1979 - 2013)
Reformat script: reformat_scripts/obs/reformat_obs_ERA-Interim.ncl
2m Air Temperature (TAS): NCEP (1979 - 2005)
Reformat script: reformat_scripts/obs/reformat_obs_NCEP.ncl
Precipitation (PR): GPCP-SG (1979 - 2005) (obs4mips)
- Danabasoglu, G., S. G. Yeager, Y. -O. Kwon, J. J. Tribbia, A. S. Phillips, and J. W. Hurrell, 2012. Variability of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation in CCSM4. J. Climate, 25, 5153-5172, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00463.1 (AMOC).
- Deser, C., M. A. Alexander, S. -P. Xie, and A. S. Phillips, 2010: Sea surface temperature variability: patterns and mechanisms. Ann. Rev. Mar. Sci., 2010.2, 115-143, doi: 10.1146/annurev-marine-120408-151453 (PDO).
- Deser, C., A. S. Phillips, R. A. Tomas, Y. Okumura, M. A. Alexander, A. Capotondi, J. D. Scott, Y. -O. Kwon, and M. Ohba, 2012: ENSO and Pacific Decadal Variability in Community Climate System Model Version 4. J. Climate, 25, 2622-2651, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00301.1 (ENSO Spatial Composites).
- Hurrell, J. W., and C. Deser, 2009: North Atlantic climate variability: The role of the North Atlantic Oscillation. J. Mar. Syst., 78, 28-41, doi 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2008.11.026 (NAO).
- Mantua, N. J., S. R. Hare, Y. Zhang, J. M. Wallace, and R. Francis, 1997: A Pacific interdecadal climate oscillation with impacts on salmon production. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 1069-1079 (PDO).
- Phillips, A. S., Deser, C., and Fasullo, J.: Evaluating Modes of Variability in Climate Models, Eos Trans. AGU, 95(49), 453-455, 2014 (Overview Paper of Climate Variability Diagnostics Package).
- Thompson, D. W. J. and J.M. Wallace, 2000: Annular modes in the extratropical circulation. Part I: Month-to-month variability. J. Climate, 13, 1000-1016 (NAM).
- Trenberth, K. E., and D. J. Shea, 2006: Atlantic hurricanes and natural variability in 2005, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L12704, doi: 10.1029/2006GL026894 (AMO).